New PDF release: American Slaves and African Masters: Algiers and the Western

By Christine E. Sears (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1137295031

ISBN-13: 9781137295033

ISBN-10: 1349443530

ISBN-13: 9781349443536

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Additional resources for American Slaves and African Masters: Algiers and the Western Sahara, 1776–1820

Example text

In doing so, they engaged in a long-standing practice. Historically, warfare made slaves. From the Crusades on, medieval Europeans and Middle Easterners enslaved many war captives rather than slaughtering all those defeated. Both sides allowed redemption, but invariably many remained slaves for their lifetime. The French used Spanish and Portuguese prisoners of war as galley slaves, a fate from which they theoretically could be released, but rarely were. In the seventeenth century, Europeans sold non-Europeans seized at sea in Maltese and Livornese slave markets.

2 In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Ottoman and Hungarian ransom slaves similarly underwent a “process of communal” development. These ransom slaves shared nationality and religious beliefs, which facilitated some community building. Both sides wanted redemption money for their captives and found that letting prisoners unite and work together aided that endeavor. Slaves chose a spokesperson, a prison-steward, who represented the enslaved men’s concerns to their masters. ” As many scholars have argued, these relationships and bonds gave them a measure of autonomy and a basis for personal and communal identity.

2 In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Ottoman and Hungarian ransom slaves similarly underwent a “process of communal” development. These ransom slaves shared nationality and religious beliefs, which facilitated some community building. Both sides wanted redemption money for their captives and found that letting prisoners unite and work together aided that endeavor. Slaves chose a spokesperson, a prison-steward, who represented the enslaved men’s concerns to their masters. ” As many scholars have argued, these relationships and bonds gave them a measure of autonomy and a basis for personal and communal identity.

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American Slaves and African Masters: Algiers and the Western Sahara, 1776–1820 by Christine E. Sears (auth.)


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