By Mack P. Holt
Mack P. Holt (ed.)
This booklet examines our dating with alcohol and examines how drink has developed in its services and makes use of from the past due heart a while to the current day within the West. This ebook discusses a number matters, together with family as opposed to leisure use, the heritage of alcoholism, and the connection among alcohol and violence, faith, sexuality, and drugs. It seems at how definite varieties of alcohol discuss classification, gender, and position. Drawing on examples from Europe, North the US, and Australia, this e-book offers a entire historical past of the position of alcohol over the last 5 centuries.
'In their exploration of those meanings [of alcohol in a particular position at a selected time], the authors make clear the ability kinfolk underlying shifts in alcohol intake styles and the tensions that regularly come up among teams with conflicting vested interest.'Yoon Hui Kim, magazine of Biosocial Science'A basic, lucid but attention-grabbing quantity that's absolute to preserve you interpreting ... total this can be a light-mood, solid occasions, effortless-reading compilation and much like a dessert.'Internet magazine of publication Reviews
Introduction 1 half I Morality and overall healthiness 9
1 for your health and wellbeing: Wine as nutrients and medication in Mid-sixteenth-
century Italy eleven Ken Albala
2 Europe Divided: Wine, Beer, and the Reformation in Sixteenth-
century Europe 25 Mack P. Holt
3 within the Public Sphere: Efforts to lessen the intake of Rum
in Connecticut, 1760–1820 forty-one David W. Conroy
4 In Vino Veritas: the development of Alcoholic affliction in Liberal
Italy, 1880–1914 sixty one Paul A. Garfinkel
5 Mon docteur le vin: Wine and well-being in France, 1900–1950 seventy seven Kim Munholland
Part II Sociability 91
6 consuming and Alehouses within the Diary of an English Mercer’s
Apprentice, 1663–1674 ninety three A. Lynn Martin
7 Taverns and the general public Sphere within the French Revolution 107 Thomas Brennan
8 Drink, Sociability, and Social category in France, 1789–1945: The Emergence of a Proletarian Public Sphere 121 W. Scott Haine
9 The Lore of the Brotherhood: Continuity and alter in Urban
American Saloon tradition, 1870–1920 one hundred forty five Madelon M. Powers
Part III country and country 161
10 “To the King o’er the Water”: Scotland and Claret, c. 1660–1763” 163
Charles Cameron Ludington
11 profit and Revelry on faucet: The Russian Tavern 185 Patricia Herlihy
12 consuming the great lifestyles: Australia c. 1880–1980 203 Diane Erica Kirkby
13 Kaleidoscope in movement: ingesting within the usa, 1400–2000 225 Jack S. Blocker, Jr.
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Extra resources for Alcohol: A Social and Cultural History
Great Debates of the Reformation (New York: Random House, 1969), pp. 35–69, for an English translation of the highlights of this debate, as well as Haetzer’s role in recording it. 16. Ludwig Haetzer, Von dem Evangelischen Zechen und von der Christenred 00Alcohol 1/2/06 8:14 am Page 39 Wine, Beer, and the Reformation in Europe 39 aus heliger geschrifft 1525 dem Konstanzer Bürger Achatius Froembd gewidmet (Augsburg, 1525). This is a very rare work, and I was unable to locate a copy in the United States.
What speaks against this theory, however, is that some of the most significant exceptions to this link occurred in some of the heaviest wine-producing areas of Europe. In southern France, for example, the region of Languedoc was home to some of the most intensive viticulture in all of France. Nevertheless, Calvinism took root there in a number of villages and towns where wine was the backbone of the local economy. 6 So drawing any simple conclusions between wine drinkers and Catholicism, or conversely between beer drinkers and Protestantism, is fraught with difficulties.
De naturali vinorum historia (Rome: Nicholai Mutii, 1596), pp. 55–6. 00Alcohol 1/2/06 8:14 am Page ii This page intentionally left blank 00Alcohol 1/2/06 8:14 am Page 25 –2– Europe Divided Wine, Beer, and the Reformation in Sixteenth-century Europe Mack P. Holt When historians of food and drink look at a map of Western Europe in the sixteenth century, they see a Europe divided between a largely beer (or ale) drinking culture in northern Europe, stretching from the British isles, across the North Sea to the Low Countries, Scandinavia, and the German Empire, and a largely wine-drinking culture in southern Europe, stretching from the Iberian peninsula across the Mediterranean coast from France, the Italian peninsula, and the Balkan region to Greece.
Alcohol: A Social and Cultural History by Mack P. Holt