By Norman N Li, Anthony G. Fane, W. S. Winston Ho, Takeshi Matsuura
Complicated membranes-from basics and membrane chemistry to production and functions
A hands-on reference for practising pros, complicated Membrane know-how and functions covers the basic rules and theories of separation and purification by means of membranes, the $64000 membrane procedures and structures, and significant business functions. It is going a long way past the fundamentals to deal with the formula and business manufacture of membranes and purposes.
This useful advisor:
- comprises insurance of all of the significant different types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; opposite osmosis (including the new high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for fuel separations; and membranes for gas mobile makes use of
- Addresses six significant subject matters: membranes and functions in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical functions; gasoline separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and effort functions; and membrane fabrics and characterization
- comprises discussions of significant strategic matters and the way forward for membrane expertise
With chapters contributed by means of prime specialists of their particular parts and a pragmatic concentration, this is often the definitive reference for pros in business production and separations and study and improvement; practitioners within the manufacture and purposes of membranes; scientists in water therapy, pharmaceutical, nutrition, and gas phone processing industries; technique engineers; and others. it's also a good source for researchers in and academia and graduate scholars taking classes in separations and membranes and comparable fields.
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Additional info for Advanced membrane technology and applications
For prevention of biological fouling, it was shown that the ICI method provided effective chlorine injection. 14. 8 L/min per module due to adjustment of operation conditions during about 10 days from startup. 77 m3/day per module at design conditions). During the winter season the permeate flow rate was maintained by increasing feed pressure. The flow rate was stable and satisfied the plant requirements for 12 months. 15. 9 MPa max. Feed temperature: 16– 378C Feed TDS: 45,000 mg/L Recovery: 35% Chlorine injection: ICI Test Requirements 1.
18 is a comparison of the average bore pressures for the BOE type versus the single open-ended type. The maximum bore pressure in both cases is the pressure in the fiber at the furthest distance from the open end of the fiber. In the case of BOE type the maximum bore pressure is moved from the end of a longer fiber of length L to the midpoint of fiber length L/2, and the average pressure is reduced. The net effect of this change increases the amount of water flow since less bore pressure drop occurs for the same applied pressure.
Bull. Soc. Sea Water Sci. Japn. 50(6), 406 –412. , and Nakao, S. (1996). Proposal and technological breakthrough of an integrated system for the complete usage of sea water. Bull. Soc. Sea Water Sci. Japn. 50(6), 389–395. , and Witte, J. D. (2003). Boron removal from seawater using FILMTECTM high rejection SWRO membranes. Desalination 156, 229. , Ruiz, A. , Chilon, M. , and Rico, D. P. (2001). Influence of pH in the elimination of boron by means of reverse osmosis. Desalination 140, 145. Scala, R.
Advanced membrane technology and applications by Norman N Li, Anthony G. Fane, W. S. Winston Ho, Takeshi Matsuura