By Steffen Heidenreich, Michael Müller, Pier Ugo Foscolo
Advanced Biomass Gasification: New strategies for potency raise and Product Flexibility offers an intensive evaluation on new thoughts in biomass gasification and consolidated info on advances for approach integration and mixture, which can in a different way basically be won by means of studying a excessive variety of magazine publications.
Heidenreich, Müller and Foscolo, hugely revered specialists during this box, begin their exploration with the compact specified reactor, gasification and pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and catalysts and membranes. The authors then research biomass pre-treatment strategies, bearing in mind the power stability of the final conversion procedure, and check out oxygen-steam gasification and strategies for air separation, together with new thoughts for integration of O2-membranes into the gasifier. a number of polygeneration options are lined, together with mixed warmth and tool (CHP) creation with artificial normal fuel (SNG), biofuels and hydrogen, and new state-of-the-art thoughts, corresponding to plasma gasification, supercritical water gasification, and catalytic gasification, which permits for insights at the destiny technological outlook of the area.
This e-book is then a invaluable source for and academia-based researchers, in addition to graduate scholars within the power and chemical sectors with curiosity in biomass gasification, specially in parts of strength engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis.
- Explores state of the art applied sciences that let for larger potency and adaptability in gasification, together with approach integration, mix, and polygeneration strategies
- Consolidates info that used to be, up beforehand, scattered between a number of assets, together with magazine articles
- Provides a worthy source for and academia-based researchers, in addition to graduate scholars within the strength and chemical sectors with curiosity in biomass gasification, particularly in components of strength engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis
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Additional resources for Advanced Biomass Gasification. New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility
At high temperatures, only rigid self-supporting ceramic or metallic filter elements are used. Metallic filter elements have some temperature limitations. Filter elements made of stainless steel can be applied for temperatures up to 420°C. For temperatures up to 650°C, filter elements made of high temperature steels can be applied. If the gas contains sulfur or chloride components, only metal filter elements made of special metal alloys can be applied. Since syngas from biomass gasification typically contains hydrogen sulfide, ceramic filter materials are the preferred option for this application.
Fuel Process Technol 2006;87:841–6.  Kong M, Fei J, Wang S, Lu W, Zheng X. Influence of supports on catalytic behavior of nickel catalysts in carbon dioxide reforming of toluene as a model compound of tar from biomass gasification. Bioresour Technol 2011;102:2004–8.  Sato K. Fujimoto. Development of new nickel based catalyst for tar reforming with superior resistance to sulfur poisoning and coking in biomass gasification. Catal Commun 2007;8:1697–701.  Nacken M, Ma L, Heidenreich S, Verpoort F, Baron GV.
In the catalytic candle, methane and tar steam reforming takes place together with WGS. 5 MJ/kg of biomass. Computational Fluid-Dynamics (CFD) simulations to characterize the behavior of a catalytic filter candle in the freeboard of a fluidized bed gasifier confirm that the temperature drop expected through the candle is limited . The enhancement of the reforming reactions inside the gasifier vessel allows to optimize the supply of this thermal load, provided by gasification itself, with respect to alternative process layouts with downstream equipment for gas conditioning treatments, where energy from additional sources is often required .
Advanced Biomass Gasification. New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility by Steffen Heidenreich, Michael Müller, Pier Ugo Foscolo