By Stellan Vinthagen
The U.S. civil rights flow, anti-apartheid protestors in South Africa, and Gandhi’s fight for Indian freedom are all strong illustrations of nonviolent motion that successfully caused switch. In A thought of Nonviolent motion, Stellan Vinthagen attracts on those examples in addition to a wealthy number of different ancient social occasions that characterize nonviolence pursuits that mixed resistance and confident change.
With this groundbreaking booklet, Vinthagen presents the 1st significant systematic try and increase a thought of nonviolent motion in a long time, making this crucial analyzing for someone desirous about the examine of nonviolence activities.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Nonviolent Action
In the first scenario it may be a case of new actors who are not really new. Pre- Hybrid Forums 29 viously kept in the wings, they take advantage of the controversy to enter the scene in a legitimate role. The second scenario is that of really emergent concerned groups created by the controversy. The example of the protest in France against the TGV Sud-Est (South-East High-Speed Train) illustrates this dual process perfectly, as in many other countries. To begin with, when the first studies are completed, in July 1989, the Socie´te´ Nationale des Chemins de fer Franc¸ais (French National Railways) initiates institutional yet discreet consultation, with the leading politicians only.
It has been rendered outmoded by the Hawaii observatory, and by satellite telescopes. The purity of the Pyrenean sky, the altitude of the Pic du Midi, and the isolation of the site are no longer sufficient advantages. Even here, sheltered from everyone and everything, the observatory is still too attached to the surrounding world. The progress of knowledge forces its seclusion, and the distance it takes from the ordinary world, to be pushed further. At Hawaii, the clouds are less of a nuisance, the air is even purer, and the conditions of observation are even better.
In the absence of such observations, the probabilities assigned depend on the points of view, feelings, or convictions of the actors; these are called subjective probabilities. Whether objective or subjective, these probabilities have in common their application to known, identified events that can be precisely described and whose conditions of production can be explained. The notion of risk is closely associated with that of rational decision. In fact, in order for such a decision to be made, three conditions must be met.
A Theory of Nonviolent Action by Stellan Vinthagen