By F. Wulff, L. Rahm, P. Larsson (auth.), Prof. Dr. Fredrik V. Wulff, Prof. Dr. Lars A. Rahm, Prof. Dr. Per Larsson (eds.)
During fresh many years, large-scale results of pollutants on marine estuaries or even complete enclosed coastal seas became obvious. one of many first areas the place this was once saw is the Baltic Sea, wherein the looks of anoxic deep basins, large algal blooms and removing of best predators like eagles and seals indicated results of either elevated nutrient inputs and poisonous substances.
This publication describes the actual, biochemical and ecological methods that govern inputs, distribution and ecological results of foodstuff and poisonous elements within the Baltic Sea. huge studies are supplemented through budgets and dynamic simulation models.
This ebook is very interdisciplinary and makes use of a platforms method for studying and describing a marine atmosphere. It offers an summary of the Baltic Sea, yet turns out to be useful for any marine scientist learning huge marine ecosystems.
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Additional resources for A Systems Analysis of the Baltic Sea
Science 222:320-322 Introduction 17 Stcilnacke P (1996) Nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea. Thesis, Linkoping University. Linkoping Studies Art Sci 146:78 Sweitzer J, Langaas C, Folke C (1996) Land cover and population density in the Baltic Sea drainage basin: a GIS database. Ambio 25(3):191-198 Tyrrell T (1999) The relative influences of nitrogen and phosphorus on oceanic primary production. Nature 400:525-531 Wikner J, Tamminen T, Rahm T, Rahm L (1996) Background document for the expert meeting on sensitive/nonsensitive areas for eutrophication in the Baltic Sea caused by nitrogen.
Wulff et al. water and through the air, and across the interfaces of sediment/water and water/air are calculated. The mass inputs by atmospheric deposition and by rivers are based on results from other studies in this volume (Chaps. 6 and 10). The model outcome is compared with empirical data, and shows good agreement; it shows that the overall pattern of PCB transport in the Baltic Sea environment is downward, from the atmosphere to the water column and further down to surface sediments, to finally being buried in deep sediments.
Stigebrandt freshwater runoff to the Baltic Sea (QF). For these computations the term dVldt is replaced by Adhldt, where A is the surface area and h the height of the horizontally averaged sea level of the Baltic Sea. Q1 and Q2 are taken as proportional to Ihk-hl (Wyrtki 1954) or Ihk-hl1l2 (Stigebrandt 1980; see also Sect. 6 below). The computations in these papers, and early computations by Bergsten (1933) and Hela (1944), demonstrate very clearly that the water exchange, in terms of volume flows between Kattegat and the Baltic Sea is mainly driven by the instantaneous sea level difference between these seas.
A Systems Analysis of the Baltic Sea by F. Wulff, L. Rahm, P. Larsson (auth.), Prof. Dr. Fredrik V. Wulff, Prof. Dr. Lars A. Rahm, Prof. Dr. Per Larsson (eds.)