By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect
A Political historical past of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political background of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian reliable and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the publication charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its enlargement into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the twenty years after global conflict II. through independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital have been defeated via a brand new, rural-based political supplier, the People's revolutionary get together (PPP). the second one a part of the booklet analyzes the potential wherein the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either current and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The ebook closes with a proof of the loss of life of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The ebook not just establishes these detailed facets of Gambian political heritage, but in addition relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, through the colonial and independence sessions.
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Additional info for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
8. 16. Note: Data are for country of nationality. a Portuguese Guinea in 1963 and 1973. Europeans Ever since the foundation of Bathurst, there has been a small, but influential, European population. 73 By 1823, there were forty-five Europeans (including military officers) on St. Mary’s Island and there were usually thirty to fifty resident Europeans in Bathurst during the nineteenth century (few lived outside the town). Most Europeans in the Colony at any one time were British, although following the abandonment of Albreda, there was also a small, but significant, French commercial community in Bathurst from 1860 when the first French firm (Maurel Frères) was set up in the town.
Compared with sub-Saharan Africa averages, a higher proportion had access to safe water, but a lower proportion to sanitation. 110 Poverty It was not until the early 1990s that attempts were made systematically to measure the extent of poverty in The Gambia. The first comprehensive assessment, the 1992–93 Household Economic Survey, found that 15 percent of Gambians could be classified as “extremely poor”; their annual mean income was below the food poverty line. An additional 18 percent were “poor”; their annual income was between the food poverty line and the overall poverty line.
Since 1963, the center of the Serere population has shifted again; just over one-third lived in Kerewan and just under a third in Kanifing in 1993. Traditionally either engaged in farming or fishing, male Serere in the rural areas of The Gambia and Senegal tend now to grow groundnuts, and female Serere produce millet and vegetables. 47 During the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, the majority of Gambian Serere remained animist, but in recent decades, most have become Muslim. Christianity has never made much headway amongst Gambian Serere, unlike in Senegal, where a significant minority became Roman Catholic during the colonial period.
A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora) by Arnold Hughes, David Perfect