By Lawrence C. Becker
What may stoic ethics be like this day if stoicism had survived as a scientific method of moral conception, if it had coped effectively with the demanding situations of recent philosophy and experimental technology? a brand new Stoicism proposes a solution to that query, provided from in the stoic culture yet with no the metaphysical and mental assumptions that glossy philosophy and technology have deserted. Lawrence Becker argues secular model of the stoic moral undertaking, in accordance with modern cosmology and developmental psychology, offers the root for a classy type of moral naturalism, during which almost all of the challenging doctrines of the traditional Stoics will be essentially restated and defended.
Becker argues, in response to the ancients, that advantage is something, now not many; that it, and never happiness, is the right kind finish of all job; that it by myself is sweet, all different issues being in simple terms rank-ordered relative to one another for the sake of the great; and that advantage is adequate for happiness. in addition, he rejects the preferred sketch of the stoic as a grave determine, emotionally indifferent and able as a rule of persistence, resignation, and dealing with ache. on the contrary, he holds that whereas stoic sages may be able to undergo the extremes of human discomfort, they don't have to sacrifice pleasure to have that skill, and he seeks to show our realization from the widespread, healing a part of stoic ethical education to a reconsideration of its theoretical foundations.
"From the start to the top of this compact yet lucid publication, Becker skillfully brings to existence either the arguments and the intuitive attraction of stoicism.... In its necessities [the new stoicism] is recognizable, with its relatively astringent rational allure greater by way of Becker's concentrated and self-disciplined argumentation. Zeno, i think, will be pleased."
-Brad Inwood, Apeiron
"A stimulating dialogue of ethics that's freed from the jejune or overly technical attitudes attribute of a lot present writing at the subject."
-Joseph Shea, n.b.: new from The Reader's Catalog
About the Author
Lawrence C. Becker is William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor within the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy on the university of William and Mary. he's the writer of numerous books, together with Reciprocity and estate Rights: Philosophic Foundations. he's the coeditor, with Charlotte B. Becker, of the Encyclopedia of Ethics.
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Additional resources for A New Stoicism
Improvised games come to mind as an example—games in which the shifting whims of the players are allowed to overturn any of the rules, so that what begins as (say) a backyard game of croquet can mutate ﬁrst into a test of love and then into an indeﬁnite range of games that are not croquet. , efﬁciency), but are otherwise deﬁned as sufﬁcient reasons for action. And it may be that in still other endeavors, a desire to do X never counts as sufﬁcient reason for doing it—or even counts as sufﬁcient reason for not doing it.
2) It may be to say that within the terms of some endeavor, she ought to be (or it is required that she be) sanctioned for doing or being non-X. Or (3) it may be to say that her doing or being non-X would be a “nullity” in her endeavor—would not count as pursuing that endeavor at all. (We include nullity as an alternative to make note of the cases in which the “necessity” for doing X, or the “sanction” for doing non-X, comes from the fact that non-X does not count for anything. Legal requirements that a will be witnessed are of this sort.
Tfully to date BEFORE THE COMMON ERA Socrates, c. 470–399 Plato, c. 430–347 24 3 T H E RU I N S O F D O C T R I N E Diogenes of Sinope (founder of the Cynics), c. 400–325 Aristotle, c. 383–322 Pyrrho of Elis (founder of the Skeptic school), c. 365–270 Epicurus, c. 341–270 *Zeno of Citium (founder of stoicism), c. 335–263 *Cleanthes of Assos, c. 331–232 *Chrysippus of Soli, c. 280–207 *Diogenes of Babylon (Seleucia), c. 240–152 *Antipater of Tarsus, 2d century *Panaetius of Rhodes, c. 185–109 Posidonius of Apamea, 135–55 Cicero, Marcus Tullius, 106–43 IN THE COMMON ERA Seneca the Younger, c.
A New Stoicism by Lawrence C. Becker